Venezuela travel guide



Venezuela Travel Guide

Venezuela Nature

Venezuela has a very rich natural patrimony which is superior to any European country. Here we can find several diverse ecosystems, in addition to it, Venezuela has a great number of waterfalls, nature reserves, national parks, reserves, protected areas, islands, marine reserves, etc..
The Angel Falls, the Pico Bolívar and the coral reefs in Los Roques are some of the most important natural monuments of the country, however the Amazonian jungle, which is located in the southeast part is linked to Venezuela and here is located most of its natural patrimony.

It is one of the countries that have the largest biodiversity around the planet; the distribution of its fauna varies according to the altitude, the weather and the kind of predominant flora in each region. The best places for the animal observation in wildness are Los Llanos and the Orinoco Delta.
Its fauna is diverse and abundant, there are here different kinds of mammals that are typical from this zone for example the anteater, the frontino bear, sloth bears, armadilloes, the jaguar, the puma, the matacán deer, the otter or water dog and different kinds of little monkeys.
At the same time, it possesses a great number of bird species, for example the macaws, toucans, guácharos, troupials (it is national bird of the country, it lives in warm zones), paujiles, flamencos as well great variety of herons and parrots. There are also several reptiles; we can mention the Orinoco crocodile and diverse species of turtles and snakes such as the anaconda, the constrictive boa or the rattlesnake.

Venezuela has a very rich and differentiated flora due to the variety its landscapes, its botanical patrimony is extraordinary and his evaluation in biological, genetic, medicinal and nutritious terms is just beginning.
The Venezuelan flora has around 30.000 species of plants, from the 215 families that conform its flora; the most important are the orchids, the Gramineae, leguminous, rubiaceaes and melastomataceaes. It has mainly four kinds of vegetation, forests, shrubberies, grasses and primary vegetation (lichens and mosses). A 10 per percent of all the plants known in Venezuela are endemic; it means that they grow exclusively in this country.

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