Venezuela travel guide



Venezuela Travel Guide

Venezuela Art

This country has a rich culture and artistic heritage which is the result of the legacy of many cultures. We must talk about the American native or indigenous culture that expressed through petroglyphs, crafts, architecture (shabonos), and social organization and was subsequently assimilated by Spaniards creating a new culture. The African culture has also contributed to the Venezuelan arts, especially when we talk about music.

The architecture in Venezuela during the colonial epoch was not as rich as the found in buildings of Columbia, Peru and Ecuador. Great number of Churches and houses constructed in Venezuela had a Spanish style, nevertheless, Venezuela is very well known because of its Modernism.
The modern architecture had two phases, the first one under the Guzmán Blanco government, in the 1870s, and second one, the most important, in the mid 1900s, when much of the new-found oil was used in order to modernize the Caracas city.

Painting & Sculpture
Pre-Columbian Venezuelan art was conformed basically by rock carvings and cave paintings. The colonial era was characterised by religious works and Spanish style sculptures, notable examples of this period include the St Peter the Apostle sculpture made by Enrique Antonio Hernández Prieto, and Antonio José Landaeta's painting The Immaculate Conception. The following years after the independence, history became the dominant theme of art works, a genre best illustrated by the exceptional work of Martín Tovar y Tovar.
The modernism has dominated the art of the XX century and many changes in its style happened between 1930s and 1940s. Kinetic art has appeared in the last few years, and has been most successfully represented by Carlos Cruz Díez and Jesús Soto.

The theatre tradition in Venezuela began in the late 1700s, it has been progressively evolving ever since. The national theatre became established about thirty years ago, and is based in Caracas today. Venezuela is not noted for making films, few movies are made here.

The Venezuelan Folklore is the result of a mixture that was born thanks to the converging of three ethnic groups resident in this country. It means that it is the result of the elements contributed by the indigenous, Spaniards and Africans cultures. Venezuelan folklore represents one of the most significant cultural inheritances of the country, and it has been transmitted one generation to other, becoming an essential part of the national identity.
The most noticeable folklore manifestations in Venezuela are the celebration of popular parties, religious rites and diverse artistic performances, such as the llanera music, poetry, painting, sculpture, gastronomy, etc.

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