Venezuela travel guide



San Cristobal Travel Guide

San Cristobal History

This city was founded by the Spanish captain Juan de Maldonado accompanied with 35 soldiers on March 31, 1561. It has evolved over the years becoming in one of the most booming cities of the Andes due to their proximity to the frontier.

In its early days the city received attacks from the Indians who inhabited this region until the year 1578, in this year the captain of Paradas Rodrigo, who was mayor of the city, stopped the attacks facing the hostile tribes. In 1856, once established the Tachira state, San Cristobal was chosen as the capital.

During the Independence War the historical files of the city were lost, for this reason there isn't any historical register prior to 1820. On May 18, 1875 the city suffered severe damage due to Earthquake of Cúcuta.

The first works to improve the communication between the Andes and the Venezuelan capital, especially the Transandina road, were made in the early twentieth century, during the administrations of Cipriano Castro and Juan Vicente Gómez. This situation led to many young students of the city to migrate to the capital making to prosper the cultural and knowledge exchange.

In the 1950s, during the government of President Marcos Perez Jimenez, the city experienced a wave of European immigrants. The climate of the city, its pro-European atmosphere and the fact that was one of the unique cities of the country virtually free of the problem of malaria, helped to facilitate the evolution of this process.

Between 1960 and 1970 it was produced the foundation of various educational institutions of higher education and academic of considerable importance which attracted a significant number of students from all the country. Since then, San Cristobal has developed in both the academic and cultural fields.

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