Venezuela travel guide



Maracay Travel Guide

Maracay History

The land on which is today located Maracay was gave in the sixteenth century to the famous Spanish conquer Sebastián Díaz de Alfaro, once he died , this important figure inherited his lands to his son Mateo. The initial population of this city was established in the Tapatapa and tucupi Valley, near to the Maracay riverbank. Many historians regard as the date of foundation of Maracay on March 5, 1701, because on this day the Bishop Diego de Baños y Sotomayor founded a parish in the city.

By 1800 the city had a population greater than 7,000 people, at that time then anil was exported in large quantities to Europe, it was a plant used for dyeing fabrics. This plant was one of its main agricultural products and was one of the major incentives for growth of the city. In this year that the geographer and naturalist Alexander von Humboldt Maracay visited and appreciated one of the most symbolic plants in the city, the Samán Güero.

The city has suffered several changes in its political and territorial administration, it has been a town of the Caracas province, then a city of the Aragua province, it was part of Guzman Blanco State, part of the of the Bolívar State, finally and definitively, capital of Aragua State. In the same way the city has participated in the emancipatory heroic deed remembering the facts happened in 1812 and 1813 that had as scenario the hacienda called "La trinidad", as well as the assault of The Cabrera in 1816 and the Maracay combat in 1818 where the revolutionary troops were defeated.

In the years of the government of the General Juan Vicente Gómez this town was the object of a strong urban and economic transformation. By the 1950s they were created several industries, which played an important role in the industrialization of the city. During 1960, the city was object of strong immigration and invasion movements.

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