Venezuela travel guide



Venezuela Travel Guide

Canaima National Park

Canaima National Park is located in the south-east of Venezuela in Bolívar State close to the borders with Brazil and Guayana and comprises an extension of 3,000,000ha of spectacular scenery with vertical walls carved by the erosion of millions of years, and vast natural resources.

The park was established on the 12 June 1962 with an area of 10,000km2, but its size was increased to 30,000km2 in 1975 in order to safeguard the watershed functions of its river basins. It is the second largest park in the country, after Parima-Tapirapecó and its area is equivalent to Belgium in Europe, or larger than the State of Maryland.

In 1994 the park was declared as a World Heritage by the UNESCO in recognition of its extraordinary scenery and geological and biological values.

It is crossed by huge rapids as well as slow, majestic rivers, which flow in marked contrast to thick jungle of this paradise, reflecting the variety of green hues as they blend with the water. In the plains, the rivers weave across the open grasslands, interrupting their course at any of the many indescribable waterfalls that are a common feature of Guayana.

The tepuis constitute a unique bio-geological entity and are of great geological interest. The sheer cliffs and waterfalls, including the world's highest (1,000 m), form a spectacular landscape. The most famous tepuis in the park are the Mount Roraima, the tallest and easiest to climb, and Auyantepui, from which fall the Angel Falls, the highest waterfall in the world.

The main attractions in addition to the Angel waterfall are Laguna de Canaima, Salto Hacha (waterfall), Salto El Sapo (waterfall), Carrao River, Mayupa rapids, Salto Yuri (waterfall), Cucurital River jungle and grasslands, Isla de la Orquìdea (orchid Island), Churún River, Kavac, Kamarata

Visiting the park could be hard because is relatively remote and there are only a few roads connecting towns. Most transport within the park is done by light plane from the airstrips built by various Capuchin missions, or by foot and canoe.

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